- 1 Quarantine A Cat with Ringworm?
- 2 What is Ringworm?
- 3 Why Should We Quarantine Our Cats?
Quarantine A Cat with ?
– owners often ask, “?“
Quarantine times for cats with will depend on the severity of the and what length of time it may take to heal. Infected cats remain infectious for approximately two to three weeks if they receive the proper . -infected cats should be kept away from other animals until they are no longer infectious.
We all know how wonderful it can be when our cats share our lives and our homes. However, there are some things that are just not to be shared – such as ringworms!
Ringworms are among the few infectious diseases afflicting felines that can also be transmitted to humans. This means that if your darling fur baby has been infected by ringworms, then there is a very real chance that you can get infected too.
Before we talk about the is, how the is spread, and which types of cats are most susceptible to . course (which includes quarantining your fur baby) for an , it is important to understand what a
What is ?
is by far the most common infectious that affects cats. Despite its name, the is not a parasitic worm. is actually a group of fungi called dermatophytes that infect the , the nails, and hair of people as well as all domesticated animals. The name is given to this because of the characteristic appearance of the raised round and red ring that marks the boundary of the inflammation.
There are many different types of dermatophytes, some of which will infect only one type of species, while others will infect multiple species – even transferring from animals to humans. , the dermatophyte that is responsible for pretty much all , can also infect dogs as well as humans. There is also another dermatophyte that can cause this in cats; it is the Trichophyton mentagrophyte, and this also infects humans.
How Does a Spread?
Your cat can get infected by when it is exposed to the dermatophyte through direct contact with another or even because of a contaminated environment or object. Dermatophyte are so tiny that they can be carried on dust particles and even air currents, which is why they are so invasive.
Once these tiny spores land on your cat’s coat and manage to survive its natural defense mechanism (self-grooming, sunbathing, etc.), they stick to the keratinocytes (cells producing keratin) that line your cat’s hair, skin, and nails. There germinates and begin infecting your beloved fur baby.
Contact with does not always lead to an . The number of that are able to attach themselves to your ‘s hair (or even your body) needs to reach a certain threshold for to begin. The problem is that whether your cat is infected or is simply a carrier, it will need veterinary care as soon as possible to prevent the spread of the .
Which Cats are Most Susceptible to ?
All cats are susceptible to contamination from . However, the most vulnerable are the kittens and the senior cats. And among the breeds, the long-haired cats such as Himalayans and Persians are more susceptible to infections since their long hair can protect the from being removed effectively during self-grooming.
Grooming is an important way by which cats can protect themselves from infections. This is why kittens and geriatric cats are more prone to these infections. Kittens have not yet learned to groom themselves, and geriatric cats are unable to groom themselves effectively due to loss of flexibility and other medical conditions.
Cats with concurrent diseases are also more vulnerable to from dermatophytes. For example, cats that have FIV (feline immunodeficiency virus) are three times more likely to get infected by ringworms than healthy cats.
And finally, studies have shown that even genetics play a role in making certain cats more vulnerable to than others. It has been found that genetically related cats from the same cattery are more susceptible to infections than others. This means that cat breeders who are breeding cats for specific characteristics (such as a specific type of coat) are also breeding in susceptibility to !
Signs that Your Cat has a
Detecting infections in your cat can be challenging. This is because the characteristic lesions may so mild that they are not visible, or they may not be there at all.
Since the dermatophytes feed on the keratin found in the outer layers of the , hair, and nails of your cat, the only indication you could get would be a cigarette ash-like scaling deep in your cat’s coat. Some cats have alopecia () as the infect the shafts of their hair. Others will have round and thickened patches of where the hair has fallen off. Another indication of in some cats is onychomycosis, an in the cat’s claws.
Generally speaking, lesions will appear around the head, forelegs, chest, and the ridge of the back. There are even cats who will have a more generalized form of the ; they will simply lose patches of hair all over their bodies.
And finally, there are those cats that are called asymptomatic carriers – they are infected by , but they don’t have any . These are the cats that can really spread the – especially in cat shelters or in multi-cat homes – without their caregivers ever realizing they are infected.
A Quick Look at
While we have listed some of the : , here is a quick list of what you should look out for in case of a
- Hyperpigmentation on the
- Redness of
- Itchy ears
Please do remember that your cat could display one or a combination of these .
How is the Final Diagnosis Made?
If your cat has been showing , then it is imperative that you take it to the vet immediately. of
The fastest way to check if your cat is infected is by using a Wood’s Lamp, an ultraviolet lamp under whose light the M. Canis will glow with yellow-green in the dark. The problem with this method is that not all cases of M. Canis infections will fluoresce and that there are other species of dermatophyte infections that will not glow at all under a Wood’s lamp’s light.
The most accurate way to assess whether your cat is infected is through a . The downside to this is that a diagnosis can take as long as 4 weeks to come through.
Once your cat is diagnosed with , then its will begin. usually consists of a combination of topical and , as well as clipping of their coat, especially if they are long-haired cats.
cat needs to get two negative diagnoses before it is declared infection-free. This can take anywhere from 5 weeks to 5 months. has to be aggressive, and regular checks need to be carried out to see if the is subsiding. Your
Remember, for the to be effective, you have to strictly follow your vet’s instructions – there can be no room for error. This is an that can haunt you for a very long time if you do not do exactly what your vet advises.
Why Should We Quarantine Our Cats?
If your cat has been diagnosed with , then it is imperative that you take the right steps to contain the . Remember, this is an that can spread to humans, so everyone living in your home (not just your pets) are vulnerable to this .
Remember, an lesions. sheds its hair and – both of which are full of fungal . These can survive for months on end, so if you don’t quarantine your cat, it could end up spreading the to everyone and everywhere in your home. In fact, it has been reported that 50% of people who have been exposed to infected cats also become infected and develop
Thus, while your cat can be treated for this as an out-patient, it would need to be isolated to ensure that it cannot spread the to others in your home.
Your cat needs to be quarantined in a place that is easily cleaned and does not have any carpeting. A bathroom is actually the perfect place for this.
How Long Should We Quarantine Our Cats?
The duration of the quarantine will depend on each individual cat, its reaction to the protocol, and its overall health. On average, the quarantine period lasts between 14 to 28 days. This is because this is the time that the most intensive takes place, and your cat shows the most responsiveness to the . During this time, your cat should be on the required and should have been given at least 4 medicated baths.
After this, your vet may allow you to give your darling cat greater access to your home – but still restricting it to rooms that can be easily cleaned and those without any carpeting. However, it needs to be understood that your cat will not be declared infection-free until it has tested negative 2 consecutive times for ringworm through fungal cultures.
Ensuring You Are Not Faced with Another Infestation
Since ringworms can survive in an environment for as much as 18 months, it is critical to decontaminate your entire house. Here is what you need to do to ensure that you never have another infestation in your home – and that you and your fur babies are safe.
- All cat objects (rugs, beds, toys, collars, etc.) made from fabric should be discarded. Basically, anything that cannot be vacuumed, scrubbed and disinfected repeatedly should be thrown away.
- Decontaminate your home: wash all drapes, decorations, and linens, have your vents and heating ducts cleaned, and install dust filters in all your vents to prevent from finding a home in your heating ducts.
- Vacuum all surfaces and then dust them too. It would best to use a disposable dusting cloth, like a Swiffer.
- Use a pet-safe detergent like Seventh Generation to scrub all surfaces clean.
The idea is to disinfect your entire home as soon as you find out that one of your cats (or maybe more) is infected. However, this is just the first step. You will need to scrub your home clean once every week until your fur baby is declared -free. This is the only way to prevent the spread of the .