How To Neuter A Cat – All You Need To Know About Neutering a Cat

Do you own a male cat and wondering if you should get him neutered? Or, are you here because you aren’t sure about neutering? Not to worry. We’ve got you covered.

Cats are neutered to prevent unwanted breeding or if you pet a male cat alone and don’t want them to indulge in any sexual behavior outside. However, this can be both good or bad depending on several factors.

In this post, you will learn about how to neuter a cat and the various factors associated with neutering a pussycat.

What Is Neuter?

Neutering is a medical term that refers to the surgical procedure of a male cat, male dog, or any other animal from indulging in the act of reproduction. Neutering in male cats, for instance, is known as castration, and in females, spaying.

During castration, the testicles of the male feline are removed, which nullifies the primary source of the male reproducing hormone called testosterone. During spaying, both the ovaries in the female feline and her uterus are removed, making her unable to conceive.

A neutered cat can lead healthy life afterward if we follow all guidelines given by your vet.

How Is Neutering Performed?

The cat neutering surgery process takes place surgically and requires you to admit your feline friend to the veterinarian‘s clinic. The process is complex and can be done only by a qualified veterinarian.

The veterinary experts shall run an examination of your feline friend, taking their blood on the day of neutering or a day before to ascertain if they’re safe with anesthesia.

If found normal, the veterinarian sedates the feline with an injection to reduce any signs of anxiety or pain. 

Next, they place an intravenous catheter on their leg. You may notice some clipped fur from the skin around their leg after the surgery is done. Then the vet puts your pussycat under general anesthesia

The hairy fur on their testicles is either removed or clipped off, and the area is sterilized for surgery. You need not worry! Your feline friend will receive a testicular lidocaine block to reduce the pain. 

Now, small incisions are made on the cat‘s scrotum, and the vet exteriorizes the testicles through the incisions.

Once the testicle attachments are clamped and secured to prevent bleeding, then each of them is removed with the help of a scalpel blade or laser. Sounds painful? It is, which is why it is all done under sedation.

When there’s no more bleeding, the surgeon replaces the attachments into your pussycat’s body. After that, the incisions are left open, or the surgeon closes them using surgical glue. However, suture removal is not necessary.

Once it is all done, the surgeon injects a pain medication into your feline friend’s body. Your pussycat then wakes up as his recovery session begins. 

This surgery is usually conducted on an outpatient basis. Once the surgery is completed, most cats get discharged from the hospital the same day. However, serious conditions may require you to keep your pussycat under observation in the hospital post-surgery.

What Is The Difference Between Cat Spaying And Neutering?

During castration, the surgeon removes the sex glands from the undertaking cat. This means they remove the testicles from the males and the ovaries from the females. This is done to achieve sterility and the absence of unwanted sexual activity.

However, practicing sterilization only keeps the feline from fertility while they have normal sexual behavior. Castration or neutering is more drastic compared to cat spaying. However, it has its own plus points too.

Neutering helps control coexistence and prevents diseases in females related to their uterus or breasts and in males related to the prostate. Castration and spaying are important to avid procreation when you cannot manage new litter.

Why Spay Or Neuter?

Neutering or spaying or your cat will prevent unwanted litters and reduce overpopulated shelters. Several unwanted animals end up in the streets and then eventually in shelter homes. Generally, this minor surgical procedure is done to control pet overpopulation in animal shelters.

According to the ASPCA shelter intake and surrender statistics, 3.4million cats are surrendered to shelters each year, and each year only 1.4 million of them are euthanized. Only a few lucky ones are adopted. Others suffer from exposure, trauma, and starvation, or other diseases.

By neutering or spaying your adult cat, such sad occurrences can be prevented. Early spay or early neutering also prevents unwanted sexual behavior. Neutering intact male cats reduce their urine spraying, roaming habits, and unwanted fights with neighbor cats.

While for females, the instinctive howling in the heat can be eliminated after spaying. All in all, cats with intact sexual behavior are more prone to being left at the shelter.

Is Neutering Painful For A Cat?

Neutering is a surgical procedure pursued in cats and is painful. However, thanks to the modern pain medications and the widened study of pain control in cats, most felines now experience lesser discomfort post-surgery

The surgeon lists down a few recovery tips and recommendations, following which your pet cat should soon be pain-free from the surgery. The recommendations include administering pain medication even after your pussycat is free from pain as a precautionary measure.

It is vital to look after your pet after any surgical treatment. Animals, like humans, take time to recover after a painful treatment.

How To Care For Cats After Neuter Surgery?

Cat neutering involves pain, infection, dehiscence (opening the surgical area), and excessive bleeding. These can cause scrotal hematoma and fill the scrotum with blood. As you can weigh the risk of the problems, it’s quite heavy!

Since neutering surgery needs general anesthesia, it all becomes riskier to the health. This is why a blood test and a whole-body check-up are essential for safety processes before even moving ahead with anesthesia.

After the surgery has been conducted, lookout for any signs of infection. The symptoms could be swelling, redness, heat, odor, or discharge from the surgical site. If any signs are evident, you should immediately seek help from the vet.

You can only minimize the aftereffects of neuter surgery if you precisely follow the vet‘s instructions. However, it is important to prevent your feline friend from licking its surgery wound. You can place a cone or a non-bite collar around them for the post-surgery period.

The post-surgery long-term risk for felines is obesity. Neutered cats have low metabolism and activity levels. This is because of the lack of testosterone. This is why you should prevent your feline friend from eating more than required and unhealthy weight gain. 

Engage your pussycat in regular play and control their weight and activity levels and try to elevate their happiness.

Recovery From Neuter Surgery

Here are the steps how you can help your cat minimize the after-effects of neuter surgery:

  • Keep your feline friend indoors and away from other animals, at least for the recommended recovery period.
  • Limit their running and jumping activities. You can use a cone, tie an old shirt around their body, or similar methods.
  • Always check their incision to ensure proper healing. If you notice any kind of redness, swelling, or discharge, or odor, call the vet immediately.
  • Avoid bathing your pet for a minimum of 10 days after surgery.
  • Call the vet even when you notice your feline is uncomfortable, lethargic, eating less, vomits, or has diarrhea.

When To Spay Or Neuter Your Cat?

This is a controversial matter of discussion among experienced veterinarians. The possibilities are narrowed down to three options:

  • Early or pediatric spay or neuter (6-8 weeks of age)
  • Standard spay or neuter (5-6 months of age)
  • After the first heat (8-12 months of age)

However, it is best recommended to neuter your pussycats around five months of age. Around this time, the felines develop good size, and the owners are getting along with them. The anesthesia has more chances of being safe.

Early neutering can be problematic given that new owners won’t be willing to perform the surgery or couldn’t take care of their felines well during recovery. Or, maybe they’re open to litters.

However, the offsprings contribute to overpopulation and, eventually, euthanizing unwanted and sick felines in shelters.

It is important to understand that neutering or spaying your feline friend draws them immense health benefits regardless of their sex.

Benefits Of Neutering

Several benefits are welcomed with neutering. Here are a few of them:

  • Neutering prevents unwanted litter.
  • Female felines no longer go through troubling behavior, and males are likely to lessen their mark and cry wanting to mate with a female.
  • Neutering reduces roaming or fighting of cats compared to unneutered felines.
  • Adorable little pussycats can feel more homely and stress-free with castration that they may not have felt in the presence of dominance and territory marking.

Disadvantages Of Neutering

However, neutering also has a few drawbacks that some cats may experience, although not all of them.

  • Neutering can decrease the metabolism in cats.
  • Felines may become obese, leading to other diseases like urinary tract issues, diabetes, and osteoarthritis. 

These are why you should follow the vet precisely to take care of your pussycat during the recovery period. Ensure to feed them only with specially adapted food meant for neutered, spayed, or indoor cats.

Final Thoughts

Now you know how to neuter a cat and the importance of neutering your feline friend. If you plan to go ahead with neutering your pussycat, know that it is a major step but an important one.

However, it also revolves around the question of whether or not you want to litter. If you do, then you should give neutering a second thought.

But make sure to take meticulous care of your feline friend if they go through neutering. It is seriously painful, but with your love and care, you can minimize the pain.